Please note that I am using the original articles' dates of publication as my post date but had to add 70 years because Blogger doesn't allow a post dated earlier than 1970.
I am transcribing news articles with a link to the archived page as well as a image of the page the article was on. I'm doing this so that I can easily search for information when I need to search for a key word.
February 24, 1925
Motherhood Has Changed "Sweet Marie"
Brooklyn, N.Y.—Almost any pleasant day in a quiet residential district infringing on Flatbush you may see a baby carriage. She’s Mrs. Nat Ferber now, but in the hectic “Red” days of 1914-1917 she was “Sweet Marie” Ganz, one of the most picturesque and reckless agitators of the day. “Sweet Marie” got the name because an [in]triguing smile and an engaging personality, but she had a pistol and was quite ready to use it.
“Sweet Marie” no longer believes in pistols and violence. Her mind is more set on rompers. She is married to Nat Ferber, young social worker, now a newspaper man, who led her out of her wilderness of anarchy and persuaded her to see the light.
“Sweet Marie” has been tamed by time and circumstance. Her days in prison are remembered, but she would prefer to forget. The volcanic little firebrand of 1914 is now a rebel in retirement—one of the millions of plump mothers whose sole absorbing occupation is motherhood. She is more interested, just now, in teaching her three-year-old daughter how to ride a bicycle than she is in capitalists. Like most of the agitators of ten years ago, she no longer believes progress is dependent upon violence. She now abides by the protest provides by the ballot. On election day she voted for La Follette.
“In the old days,” she says, “when I worked in a sweat-shop my mind and heart were outraged at the distress I saw. I couldn’t understand why society permitted such things, and I can’t even now. It wasn’t that I believed so much in anarchy that I associated with Berkman, Caron, O’Carroll, Goldman, Tannenbaum, Edelson and the rest. I was concerned almost entirely with the poor and the problems with which they had to contend. I knew just how they suffered because my family suffered the same way.
“Politics didn’t interest me particularly. I worked with the radicals because they protested vigorously and violently instead of submitting to conditions and to the hypocrisy of professional politicians. With the exception of Emma Goldman, I respected the sincerity of nearly all those with whom I worked. Goldman, I always thought, was insincere. She went around the country lecturing and living comfortably while the rest of us—her ‘comrades’—starved and waged our fights on empty stomachs. More than anything else, perhaps, it is an empty stomach that makes a read radical. This is a fact which should compel vital attention from leaders of all parties even today.”
Love Turns 'Red' Pale Pink; 'Sweet Marie' Ganz Tells How She Has Been Tamed
No Dynamite, Mob Rule or Bitterness in New Creed Outlined by Husband to Be.
No Dynamite, Mob Rule or Bitterness in New Creed Outlined by Husband to Be.
June 19, 1919
8,000 MILITIA TO 'MOBILIZE' AGAINST REDS
Will Be Rushed to Strategic Points Tomorrow Night for Practice.
READY FOR JULY PLOT
Palmer tells Legislators of New Conspiracy to Destroy.
City police and federal agents yesterday made visible progress in weaving the net about the radicals they believe responsible for both the May Day and June 2 bomb outrages. At the same time well-coordinated plans were revealed whereby any efforts at further violence during the first week of July will be nipped in the bud.
Though the Philadelphia police released yesterday Lydia Vincocis and Samuel Miller, whom they arrested for distributing the “Anarchist Soviet Bulletin” after each had paid a ten-dollar fine for handing out the literature, detectives of Sergeant Gogans’ bomb squad in New York developed evidence connecting the woman with a number of anarchist groups here and elsewhere, and believed that there still may exist an important connection between the apparently forged “Sachs & Co” labels found in Miller’s room and the forged Gimbel labels of the May Day plot. They are continuing their investigation.
In testifying before the House Appropriations committee in behalf of the $500,000 special fund which he is seeking for the hunt, Attorney General Palmer told the members that the department had been informed of a day set for another attempt by radicals “to destroy the Government by one fell swoop.”
Guardsmen to Mobilize.
It is officially stated that the eleven regiments of the State Guard in New York city will be mobilized tomorrow night. Brig. Gen. Dyer says this will be merely in the routine drill of the guardsmen, but the mobilization nevertheless will furnish a demonstration of the speed with which approximately 8,000 men can be well armed and equipped and rushed from their armories to danger points, providing any July 4 riots are planned by the Reds.
It is further learned from a source close to those connected with the hunt for dangerous radicals that a raid of hitherto unattempted proportions will soon be made on their headquarters.
William J. Flynn, chief of the bureau of investigation of the Department of Justice and in general charge of the whole campaign, went so far as to say in Washington yesterday that it had been determined to the satisfaction of the investigators that the first and second nationwide bomb plots were hatched in the same nest, which has been virtually identified; that it had been determined that there were two men instead of one in charge of the bomb which exploded in front of the home of Attorney General Palmer in Washington, one of them escaping uninjured when delay due to the presence of passersby in the street caused the bomb to explode in the hands of his companion; that simple steps had been taken to preclude the recurrence of such a demonstration July 4, and that while important arrests and the final solution of the plots might still be some distance off he felt absolutely confident that it was ultimately bound to result from the mass of detailed Information already accumulated.
State guardsmen of the First and Second Brigades will be mobilized in their armories In Manhattan and Brooklyn tomorrow night. Once assembled they will he rushed to various points in the city which would he of strategic importance in the event of civil disorder.
Brig. Gen. George R. Dyer, in command of the First Brigade, said yesterday that these plans had been made jointly with Brig. Gen. James Robb of the Second Brigade. Primarily, a drill in the ordinary sense for the guardsmen, the arrangements were made without special orders from Gen. O'Ryan or others.
Secondarily, it is admitted, the “drill” will furnish a striking warning for any radicals who may be planning disorder here for the first week in July.
About 8,000 men will be mobilized. There assembly and equipment in the armories will be accurately timed as well as their movements to the places in the city where they will form in the streets. Gen. Dyer did not announce where these places will be. He said that one of the reasons for the mobilization was to ascertain accurately just how many men were ready for duty in the guard regiments, which have been maintained in a more or less informal manner for some time.
In Manhattan the Seventh, Eighth, Ninth, Fifteenth, Sixty-ninth and Seventy-first regiments will mobilize and in Brooklyn the order will affect the Fourteenth, Twenty-third and Forty-seventh Infantry, the Second Field Artillery and Third Field Hospital.
Lydia Vincocis Lived Here.
Detectives of Sergeant Gogan’s bomb squad have developed in New York traces of Lydia Vincocis, the London Jewess arrested in Philadelphia yesterday while distributing copies of the “Anarchist Soviet Bulletin,” which they regard as of extreme significance. The woman was identified as having lived for two months at 268 South First street, Brooklyn, under the name of Rosenberg, and as having frequented many radical gatherings here.
Detectives Brown and Wallace of the bomb squad, accompanied by Detective Cosgrove of the United States Shipping Board, found in the flat at that address, which has been vacant two or three weeks, anarchist literature connecting the women with the group which surrounded Emma Goldman before the Goldman woman was sent to prison for her campaign of violence against the draft law two years ago, and other papers showing her connection with other papers showing her connection with other groups here and in Philadelphia.
They found that the “Anarchist Soviet” had been printed at the Ukrainian Print Shop, 19 East Seventh street, and in going through other print shops in the neighborhood the detectives picked up and brought to Police Headquarters for examination Adolph Schnavel, acknowledged head of that group of Russian anarchists who alluded to themselves in public as “philosophic” anarchists, and Sergius Youmahanoff and Arthur Lesige of the Russian People’s House, East Fifteenth street. They were released after they had answered questions. Schnavel is on bail awaiting the decision of the courts on an order of the Pittsburg authorities for his deportation.
The police here are ha yet unable to gauge the importance of the finding in Philadelphia In the room of Samuel Miller of large folding yellow envelope bearing the label "Sachs & Co., Broadway and Thirty-third street, New York city." If this description of the envelope is accurate, however, Sergeant Gegan points out that they are an obvious forgery. The large dry goods firm at Broadway and Thirty-third street spells its name differently Saks & Co.
“Saks & Co. were unable to tell us anything about the envelopes today,” Sergeant Gegan said last night, “on such information as we had about them. We have asked the Philadelphia police to send us more details and a sample of the envelopes. Of course if they are genuine Saks envelopes it may be that they have be legitimately obtained, as the woman Vincocis says she is a dress maker and has received many samples. The finding of these labels, however, when taken in connection with the forget Gimbel labels in which the May day bombs were wrapped, is too Important to he neglected and will be fully run down."
The New York police received pictures and finger prints of the couple arrested In Philadelphia. Miller was not recognized here and comparison with the finger print records in the bureau of identification showed that neither of the two had been booked In the New York department. Detectives immediately recognised the Vincocis woman as an attendant at Red gatherings here.
Goldman Letter Found.
Little information as to her habits could be learned from her one-time Brooklyn neighbors. The landlord and others, however, promptly recognised the photographs. The landlord said the woman had leased the apartment two months ago, before he owned the building. The janitor was also new to the premises and knew little or nothing of the woman, who has not been seen there in from two to three week. The police were not able to learn whether she was there when either the May day or the June 2 bombs were despatched.
The apartment was searched and other picture of the woman, some of them showing her with mate companions, were found. The detective also came across a copy of the old Non-Conscription League letter, issued from 20 East 125th street, signed by Emma Goldman and dated May 11, 1917. This was the document upon which the Goldman woman was sent to prison. It was a violent appeal to resist the draft law.
With it was the pictured announcement of a mass meeting to protest against the draft on May 13, presumably of the same year. It showed a man stripped to the waist and facing the mouth of a cannon while he held a torn piece of paper labelled "Draft Law." The poster and the letter announced that the workers would fight, but not when ordered to do so by the capitalists. Alexander Berkman, Judge Panken and other well-known radicals were announced as speakers with Emma Goldman.
Another letter was from the Radical Library Bureau of 3226 Arlington street, Philadelphia. It was addressed to "Comrade Rosenberg," and told of the efforts of the bureau to raise money through a banquet. The money, the letter said, was to be used for the purchase of a house. The letter was signed "Benjamin F. Moore," the name of a radical well known to the New York police.
This Information was promptly forwarded to the Philadelphia police, and will, it is believed, prove of great importance in checking up the associates of the couple In that city, possibly resulting In further arrests.
Federal officials in this city were still saying yesterday that there is no immediate prospect of the arrest of the actual perpetrators of the bomb outrages. They are determined that they will not make any charges they cannot prove. They look on the arrests that have so far been made as but part of the general plan to check up and coordinate all possible Information about radical and to forestall their further activity.
Sergeant Gegan announced for the first time yesterday that the woman Louise Berger, "Dynamite Louise" who was In the house on Lexington avenue where three anarchists were by their own bombs July 4, 1914, and who has been reported to be one of the objects of the present police search, sailed for Russia from Hoboken two years ago and has not since returned to this country.
FUND TO HUNT DOWN BOMBERS IS SLASHED
House Committee Cuts It to $1,400,000.
Special Despatch to The Sun.
Washington, June 18.—There were two witnesses to the bomb outrage at the home of A. Mitchell Palmer here. This fact has been developed by Chief Flynn of the Bureau of Investigations, who has been at work on the case for two weeks.
The man who was blown to atoms had a pal and confederate with him who also had a bomb in a grip. This man fled when his confederate was blown to pieces and has not been located.
These facts were learned from Chief Flynn today. He said that great progress was being made in the investigation of the Palmer and other outrages and that it was only a question of time before the radicals who were responsible would all be rounded up.
It was shortly after this announcement by Chief Flynn that the House Committee on Appropriations reported the sundry civil appropriation bill, with a heavy cut in the estimates of the amount considered necessary by Attorney General Palmer for a clean-up of anarchists and other dangerous characters in this country and a general reorganization of the bureau of investigation and the Government corps of secret agents.
Supplementing Mr. Flynn’s statement the department tonight made public testimony of Attorney General Palmer before the House Appropriations Committee, asking for a special fund of $500,000 to carry on the hunt for radicals. The Attorney General told the committee, as the testimony revealed, that Government officials had been advised of a day set for another attempt by radicals “to destroy the Government at one fell swoop.”
"We have received so many notices and got so touch Mr. Palmer told the committee at his recent appearance, "that it has almost come to be accepted as a fact that on a certain day In the future, which we have been advised of, there will be another serious and probably much larger effort of the same character which the wild fellows of this movement describe as revolution, a proposition to rise up and destroy the Government at one fell swoop."
Before the bill was reported and the cut in estimates made known Chief Flynn had stated that there was little doubt that another series of bomb outrages might be expected. When it is to come he would not hazard a guess. He would likewise make no statement in regard to a general roundup of "Reds" before the date, which has been placed by guess in July. It is known, however, that such a roundup is reasonably certain.
The House Appropriations Committee, in the face of this situation, cut the appropriation asked by Attorney General Palmer from $2,000,000 to $1,400,000. Attorney General Palmer had gone into full details in explanation of his request. It was necessary, he said, to employ sufficient agents and skilled men and to support the organization recently created with Chief Flynn as the head of the bureau of investigations and Frank P. Garyan as assistant to the Attorney General in charge of all criminal investigations.
Failure of the full appropriation is not expected to affect these appointments, but it will have a decided effect upon the contemplated organization and the combination of all Government investigation and secret policy work under one head in a single department.